Are Type 2 diabetes and obesity connected? Perhaps you are overweight or obese but you don’t have type 2 diabetes. Are you tired of people telling you to watch out for this disease?
What is type 2 diabetes and why do so many people believe there is a connection between obesity and type 2 diabetes? If you don’t have it, does this connection apply to all obese people?
The Greater The Fatty Cells The Greater The Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
The connection between type 2 diabetes and obesity is pretty straight forward. Researchers believe when a person is overweight their cells changes and become resistant to insulin. Type 2 diabetes refers to a person’s body having insulin resistance, the body’s insulin does not respond as it should and in unable to bring glucose to the rest of the body’s cells.
Instead, glucose is left in the blood stream. When a person is insulin resistant their pancreas creates greater and greater amounts of insulin, and too much glucose is left in the blood stream.
Research has proven that insulin resistance is evidenced in fat cells more so than in muscles cells. As insulin is less effective the cells producing insulin must work harder to regulate the person’s blood sugar levels.
However, this causes the cells to fail. Considering insulin resistance is caused by too many fat cells, and an obese person generally has more fat calls than muscle cells, then the chances are dramatically higher for the obese person to have diabetes.
Is All Obesity The Same?
To put it simply, we mere humans are all different and this also applies to where we store our fat. This applies to obese people too and where they store their fat.
Fat is stored under the skin and/or on the abdominal area (commonly referred to a person’s beer belly or spare tire). Evidence suggests that people who are apple shapes (round around the belly or beer belly etc) have a greater chance of type 2 diabetes than people who are the pear shape (weight around the hips and thighs).
Research has shown that the amount of fat around a person’s belly impacts body mass index and type 2 diabetes and obesity. This is because the stomach area is considered a relatively small storage space for body fat and these fat cells are the subject to pressure (from physical exercise or coughing etc) where these fat cells might rupture, which causes inflammation.
What Can You Do?
If you are pinching your belly and are worried about type 2 diabetes and obesity then there is still time to prevent it or if you have it, let it be known, it is possible to slow down the disease. For overweight people, you can typically lose ten percent of your body weight and this may slow down diabetes.
Even if you are obese and you don’t have type 2 diabetes it doesn't mean that you’re immune to the other health risks including, heart disease, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure. It’s a good idea to implement a long term plan, not a crash diet, but something responsible that you can stick to and change your life with.