There are two main categories of stomach surgery for obesity being restrictive surgery and malabsorptive surgery. If you are considering stomach surgery then take the time to analyse your goals, your current health and of course discuss the positive and benefits with your steps your doctor.
You can beat obesity with the help of stomach surgery, but alone, surgery won’t help and after the surgery you will need to change your eating and exercise habits.
Placing Physical Restrictions Around Yourself: Restrictive Surgeries
Restrictive surgery is a type of stomach surgery for obesity which physically restricts the size of a person’s stomach with the aim of slowing down digestion. Typically, the normal size of a stomach can hold three pints of food. The surgery physically restricts a person from eating and after having this surgery the stomach could be restricted to holding one ounce of food.
This means, the person will only be able to eat one ounce of food, however, the stomach may stretch to 2-3 ounces. Examples of restrictive surgeries include gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy.
This restrictive surgery is considered as the least invasive stomach surgery where it uses an inflatable band to squeeze the stomach in two sections. Banding typically restricts the total amount of food to ½-1 cup of food before the person feels sick from eating too much. Also the food must be soft or well chewed which means the person is required to eat slower, and chew food carefully.
Sleeve gastrectomy is also a type of restrictive stomach surgery for obesity, but 75% of a person’s stomach is removed. This leaves the persons stomach as a narrow tube/sleeve and this connects to the intestines. The operation is usually conducted with a laparoscope and is often considered as the first step in a series of weight loss surgeries, where more weight loss is required.
Combination Malabsorptive And Restrictive Surgery
The second type of stomach surgery for obesity is a combination of restrictive surgery and malabsorptive surgery as the surgery physically restricts the person in terms of how much they can eat, but has a more invasive component in terms of the biology of how a person takes in food.
The invasive component removes or bypasses parts of a person’s digestive tract creating difficulties for the person to absorb calories. Note that, now malabsorptive surgery (often referred to as intestinal bypasses) is never conducted alone without a restrictive surgery element because of side effects.
An example of this type of surgery is gastric bypass surgery which is the most common weight loss surgery. A surgeon typically conducts an operation where they create a shortcut for food, bypassing the stomach and small intestine, meaning that fewer calories are absorbed by the body.
Will Stomach Surgery Fix Your Weight Problem?
Stomach surgery for obesity will help a person fix part of problem with unwanted weight. But, alone the surgery is not a long-term solution and can be disappointing if food, drink and exercise are not controlled. The surgery itself cannot control the food or drink a person chooses to eat or drink and only the person can do that! Surgery, together with a health plan which includes calorie control and exercise will be much more successful and rewarding when helping to lose weight.