Disorders of metabolism result when the body's organs do not function properly leading to the abnormal chemical reactions. Metabolism is the process of breakdown of food in order to produce energy to fuel normal body functions.
Metabolism processes take place in form of chemical reactions and therefore when the chemical reactions do not take place well then the metabolic process is disrupted leading to disorders of metabolism. When food is broken down, sugars and acids are the resultants and these form the fuel your body needs to run its bodily functions.
Types of Disorders
There are many disorders that result from abnormal metabolic functions and chief among them is diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that results from low intake of sugar from the blood stream and hence the blood stream contains excess sugar levels and the body is denied enough sugar which it needs to produce energy.
Intake of sugar from the blood stream is controlled by insulin. The hormone regulates the intake of the sugar from the blood stream into the body cells. The hormone is produced by a gland known as thyroid gland located in the neck region just below the Adam’s apple. Low production of the insulin means a low intake of sugar from the blood stream causing high levels of blood sugar.
High production of the insulin means excess intake of sugar into the body cells and abnormally low sugar levels in the blood stream. The sugar levels in the blood need to be maintained in an optimum balance. Any excess sugar is normally stored as excess fat and your belly fat may be as a result of excess sugar in the body which is converted to fat for storage purposes.
Other Metabolic Disorders
Apart from diabetes there are a host of other metabolic disorders. The causes of these conditions may be environmental while some are caused by our genetic make-up. This means that some people are more prone to the disorders than others.
However, the genetically instigated disorders are rare and a majority of these are due to defects in genes responsible for coding of the enzymes that are facilitators of the conversion process of these food substances.
When the enzymes’ function is hampered the substances accumulate in the body leading to these disorders. Examples of these disorders include but are not limited to: Alkaptonuria, Phenylketonuria-also known as PKU, Porphyria, Hyperthyroidism, Galactosemia, Cushing’s syndrome, and so on.
The list of disorders of metabolism is long. Even though some are chronic there are medications both natural and artificial to help you live with the disease.